|British couple David and Kathleen Long for the second time won £ 1 million in the EuroMillions lottery|
Drawing historyMass game with cash prizes invented in Europe. For the right to be called the birthplace of public lotteries today debating Italy and France. Also assume that the first mention of the lottery in the European countries associated with the raffle, which was organized by the widow of the Flemish painter Jan Van Eyck, Lottery was held in Bruges, Belgium contemporary, and is dated February 24, 1466. It is known that one of the first public Lottery cash prizes was held in Florence in 1530. Lottery, which bears the proud name of "La Lotto de Fyarentse" enjoyed a roaring success by uniting in a common pursuit of winning the scattered Italian cities and principalities. Soon lottery, in addition to eating pizza and afternoon rest, became the Italian folk tradition. It is not surprising that one of the first steps of the King of Italy was reunited in 1863, holding pantoitalian lottery.
In England Lottery implanted indomitable will of monarchs. Appreciate the Italian lottery, in 1566, Queen Elizabeth I announced a public cash prizes. Gains enough to rebuild harbors, so that the main prize for the British conquered later became the unofficial title of "Mistress of the Seas."
|English Lottery 1566 Scroll|
But the lottery has taken root in the United States. Even in 1776, the Continental Congress proposed a lottery to the rescue from which it would be possible to organize a revolt against the British authorities.
|1776 Continental Congress Lottery Ticket|
The founding father of the first French lottery became King Francis the First. Desperate to fight for ordinary monarchs cash deficit, he has allowed from 1520 to 1539 the unit of private and public lotteries. The venture did not catch: Unlike the flighty Italians calculating the Gauls did not believe in the case, and therefore kept their savings in the straw mattresses. To break the ice of mistrust to Fortune could only ardent Giacomo Casanova. With the help of an ingenious intrigue he won the right to become the first manager of the state lottery, the aim of which was to collect money for the famous "Ecole Militaire", Royal Military School.
Ingenious Casanova, who had received six percent with revenue, announced that twenty-four hours after the circulation will return the money for non-winning tickets. Promotional trick failed. Total revenue amounted to two million francs, of which the crown had six hundred thousand. Subsequently, Casanova always wore lottery tickets in their pockets, and they bribed officials and nobles. Scandals, and kept flashing on his adventures, easily extinguished oncoming flames of passion. So much so, that from 1758 to 1759 of the legendary hero - lover was referred to as the "Lord of the Director of the Bureau of the Royal Military School of the lottery."
Names and recordsThe most ridiculous is considered a lottery draw, not so long ago held a European newspaper. The first day of April, it came with three black rectangles on the front page. The note stated that the owners of the newspapers carried a lottery: it is necessary to scrape off the protective layer and smell the paper underneath. If the flavor in all three cases coincide and be correctly named, the winner receives a lifetime 80% discount on the perfumes of this brand. Readers from among the fair sex scraping paper to the holes. And thoughtfully smelled ...
To get to the pages of history textbooks by the joke is rather difficult. Much better people remembered a record amount of wins. Thus, the largest prize in the world amounted to 363 million dollars and was paid in 2000, the US citizen who bought a lottery ticket at a supermarket Big Game and fill out winning lottery numbers.
In second place was the US lottery Powerball - here is the largest jackpot has exceeded 314 million, and paid him in February 2004. In the same year the record Mega Millions lottery, also operating in the United States, reached $ 290 million. By the way, today these two lotteries Powerball and Mega Millions - are leading in the United States for the issuance of large cash prizes (based on «Mega Millions results» queries, "power ball numbers», "powerball winning numbers», etc. number in the millions in Google Trends).
It seems that in the United States and other developed countries, people have become accustomed to such numbers in order. Most cold-blooded lottery winner living in Canada. Raymond Sobieski in 2003, won the biggest prize in the history of the country, the amount of which amounted to 30 million Canadian dollars (23 million US dollars), but the money has come in one year, 12 days before the expiry of the lottery ticket.
|Oxford County man Raymond Sobieski won $30 million in 2004|
The winning ticket can be obtained for free. For example, a 34-year-old Rebecca Jemison from Cleveland, filed their rights to a prize of 162 million dollars. The day before, a resident of the same town, 40-year-old Eles Battle, told the police about the loss of the ticket with a triumphant combination of numbers. According to her, the treasured piece of paper just fell out of her purse close by lottery kiosk. Unsuccessful search for a ticket during the day takes more than a hundred people. The winner of the lottery, Rebecca Jamison claims that did not have to do with them.
|Rebecca Jemison, left, talks with reporters after claiming the $162 million Mega Millions jackpot|
|Lotto rapist Iorworth Hoare|
Fortune PsychologistsParadoxically, the prisoner lottery millionaire is quite right. Successful people rarely gamble. As aptly remarked psychologists "richest man buys insurance, and the poor - a lottery ticket." Scientists believe that no reasonable belief in luck is a purely biological roots. However, only for chronic losers, it becomes the main guideline in life.
The desire to find a pattern in the whole belongs only to man. In primitive tribes natural superstition saves lives, but gives rise to religion. For random events attributed magical features. Stain, for example, the leader of his face before a successful hunt, and all the tribe will continue to go out to fish only with painted faces. And accidentally killed before a lost battle lizard immediately elevated to avenging spirits of ancestors. But the death of a person who ate the poisonous fruit unintentionally, creates exactly the right ban on eating the "wrong" product.
The psychology of modern man differs little from the warehouse of the soul of his ancestors. However, belief in their own ability to predict the consequences of minor events appears, for the most part, is in the details. We are afraid of accidents, each time trying to catch the rhythm of divine predestination. That is why we have a "happy" and "unfortunate" ties and shirts. Millions of Earthlings crossed fingers for luck, spit at the sight of a black cat, and fortune-tellers to pay for vague predictions. And yet - the latest put money guessing 'cherished' numbers. In the language of psychology, it is called a "basic desire for avoidance of uncertainty." Most people believe that following clear rules necessarily lead them to happiness. So buy a lottery ticket. Hope to win, each player gives a sense of exclusivity, which is present in every person, regardless of his place in society, the thickness of the purse and physical data.
And this, according to scientists, is precisely the root of gambling. Numerous studies have shown that the normal level of self-diagnosed in a person when he evaluates himself slightly, but higher than the others. Each of us feels worthy to play a leading role in the theater of life. Genetic experience and story of popular films suggest that it needs very little. Placate the deity, to fail, to take a chance on the hunt. Or swallow as Neo from "The Matrix", the desired tablet. Give God a chance to note you his grace. At least buy a lottery ticket.
Lottery, like any other game gives you an instant answer to the question about their own solvency. There is no need for a long time and working hard, building a career and accumulating capital. Luck communicates directly with the player, almost without intermediaries. And every time I have a chance to start all over again. Over time, the attachment to the regular test of fate can become a disease. The player feels the ability to somehow wag events, choosing to buy a day ticket, or performing a ritual. Selectively locking events, one finds a lot of evidence of that simple idea that his personal gain real. And making a major life bid for the prize, leaving the real life "for later". And when it finally drops the jackpot, do not know what to do with the long-awaited treasure.
Accidents luckyAre there many people in the world will agree with the statement "Money is not happiness," or at least to the fact that happiness - not only in them? Chances are, if you do not take into account the exotic tribes have very little idea about this achievement of civilization, most earthlings answer that untold wealth, may not make them completely happy, but certainly save you from unnecessary worries. And only a few sensible people realize that suddenly fell to the millions of head (billions, trillions - depending on the currency) can not bring happiness and a full life collapse. But there are not many. The majority of the inhabitants are forced to save all his life, and cut back to save, at least once in life, but amused themselves with dreams of sudden wealth. The shortest road to it - winning the lottery.
Ten years ago the publication San Francisco Chronicle published an article on what mistakes owners make large cash prizes. As we found out the journalists, the first million dollars normally spent on traveling, and the remainder of his fortune significant portion of lottery millionaires squander the next five years. These findings are, in general, is not surprising, because spending money wisely can not everyone. However, the sudden wealth not only leads to extravagance, but often - to divorce, depression and alcoholism.
When a New Yorker Juan Rodriguez in November 2004 - a native of Colombia, who worked in a shop in the parking lot, ripped the grand prize Mega Millions lottery, he was the first ever totally happy. With only 78 cents on the account and 44 thousand dollars of debt, he won the jackpot in the amount of 149 million dollars.
Winning the lottery Powerball American Andrew Jackson Whittaker, by his own admission lucky, brought him nothing but trouble. In 2002, Whittaker broke a record prize of 315 million dollars. In his victory interview, he said he wants to become a positive example for the people, and to dispose of the money so that the citizens could be proud of him later. Then he completely corrupted character and started trouble with the law for two years and a half years Whittaker was arrested twice for drunk driving, and by the court forcibly placed in a specialized clinic. Moreover, Whittaker three accused of violating public order and causing grievous bodily harm. And then the police found in the house Whittaker body of 18-year-old girl, a friend of his granddaughter, who died of a drug overdose.
Andrew “Jack” Whittaker
Another American, impoverished father of three children, Billy Bob Harrell, in June 1997, the sole local lottery jackpot in the Lotto Texas $ 31 million. The prize, in agreement with the organizers of the lottery, he paid gradually, at $ 1.2 million a year. Soon Bob was inundated with friends, relatives and acquaintances. Over the year and a half that followed after winning seven he changed phone numbers. Soon Harrell's wife filed for divorce, and he, from the constant hassle, lost twenty kilograms.
|Billy Bob Harrell, in June 1997, the sole local lottery jackpot in the Lotto Texas $ 31 million|