Street art - a direction in contemporary art, distinguishing feature is a pronounced urban character
The main part of the street art of graffiti is (otherwise the spray-art), but you can not assume that it is street art and graffiti there.
For street-art and include posters (non-profit), stencils, various sculptural installations, and so on. N. The street art every detail, detail, shadow, color, line.
The artist creates a stylized logo - "unique sign" and shows it on the areas of the urban landscape. The most important thing in street art - not assigned territory, and to involve the viewer in a dialogue and to show a different scene.
HistoryPublished in 1918 by the Russian Futurists Decree № 1 "On the democratization of the arts (literature fence and areal painting)" states:
Comrades and citizens, we, the leaders of the Russian Futurism - revolutionary art youth - declare:
1. From now on, along with the destruction of the king's order canceled living art in the storerooms, sheds of human genius - palaces, galleries, salons, libraries, theaters.
2. In the name of the great footfall of equality before the culture of each free word creative personality let it be written, at the crossroads of house walls, fences, roofs, streets of our cities, villages and on the backs of cars, carriages, trams and dresses of all citizens.
3. Let semiprecious rainbows will spread pattern (ink) on the streets and squares from house to house, pleasing, ennobling eyes (taste) passer.
Artists and writers are obliged to immediately take the pots of paints and brushes his mastery of illuminated, paint all sides, foreheads and chest cities, train stations and the ever-running flocks of rail wagons.
Suppose now, walking down the street, a citizen will enjoy every minute of the great depth of thought contemporaries contemplate beautiful flowery brightness of joy today, listen to music - melody, rumbling noise - perfect composers everywhere.
"Let the streets will be a holiday for all the arts"- Vladimir Mayakovsky, David Burliuk, A.Kamenskaya ( "Newspaper of the Futurists." - MA, March 15, 1918)
According to legend, the history of graffiti begins in 1942, during the Second World War, when the worker is taken to write Kilroy 'Kilroy was here' on each box with the bombs, which produce at the factory in Detroit. Soldiers in Europe reproduce the phrase on the walls, to resist during the bombing. Later this first manifestation of the virus signatures are attached Cornbread in Philadelphia in the 1950s - 1960s. The artist takes the city by storm with Cool Erl and Top Cat. The three of them create graffiti, in the true sense of giving rise to this trend.
1970From Philadelphia during the late 1960s-x's coming to New York. It all began in the neighborhood Washington Heights in Manhattan. In 1971, the "tag" is distributed everywhere, covering the walls of subway cars. Julio 204 - the first person to put his street number next to my pseudonym. Reiter first recognized outside their own district, was the Taki 183. It leaves traces of its presence in many urban areas, becoming a kind of "incendiary" and provoking a wave of imitations among many writers.
At the same time begins to emerge a new form. 1972 marks the birth of a new aesthetic language. While between by writers seeking fame through their aliases, real war breaks out, some of them in order to somehow distinguish, use unexpected stylistic turn. Thus was born the basis of style and code of graffiti used today.
1980sRapid and uncontrolled growth of the movement is a certain interest of cultural bodies, from critics to the galleries. Therefore, the beginning of 1980 marks an impressive number of exhibitions, where young writers are recognized as artists in the truest sense of the word.
In 1981, the prestigious magazine Art Forum is dedicated article Fashion Moda phenomenon. In the same year writers are taking part in the exhibition PSI New York / New Wave, along with other artists, including Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Joseph Kosuth, William Burroughs, Nan Goldin, Andy Warhol, and Lawrence Weiner. In 1982 he exhibited at the Fashion Moda Dokumenta 7 in Kassel, Germany. With the same perplexing apparent success of the first writers exhibited in many museums in Europe, along with the best exhibitions in galleries in New York.
Along with the recognition of the artistic graffiti art suffers from severe sanctions, which forced him to grow out of the subway and streets. The pressure has a significant and sometimes fatal effect on the artistic development of many writers. But not all resign themselves to it, and some who are looking for new ways of development, giving numerous branches. Since then, the movement gets its second wind and secures its further development.
1990sIn France in the 1990s, the most prominent representative of street art has become an artist Space Invander. He created a mosaic composition in the form of figures of aliens from Space Invaders arcade video games and posted them in public places all over the world.
2000sThe last decade has seen a variety of directions, which selects the street art. Admiring the older generation, young writers are aware of the importance of razrabatyvanie own style. So there are more and more new branches, predicting the future movement of the rich. New variety of forms of street art often exceed in scope anything that has been created before.
Technique StencilSimple stencil
Trafaret- device that is used for application to various surfaces of a large number of identical image and sometimes to achieve special artistic effect; This term also denotes an image created by this device. The device is a small sheet of transparent film or, more commonly, thick paper, which cut several segments that make up the original image.
The forms of street art:Graffiti, mural painting, poster art, sticker art, stencils (Stencils, screen printing), contextual street art, performance
Graffiti: bombing, writer, aerosol can, sketch
Famous writers: Banksy, TAKI 183, Shoen
Associated with street art: vandalism, public art, property, hip-hop